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Plural nouns : Le pluriel des noms

Plural nouns : Le pluriel des noms 

plural nouns

plural nouns

En règle générale, la forme plurielle du nom est construite en ajoutant un ‘s’ à la forme singulière:
shoe –> shoes
book –> books
river –> rivers

 Les mots se terminant en ‘s’ ou ‘ss’ prendront généralement la terminaison ‘es’ :
bus –> buses
kiss –> kisses

Même règle pour les mots se terminant par ‘sh’ / ‘ch’ :
beach –> beaches

Les mots se terminant en consonne + ’-y’ prendront généralement la terminaison ‘-ies’ :
party –> parties
supply –> supplies

Certains mots sont irréguliers au pluriel :
one man –> two men
one woman –> two women
one foot –> two feet
one mouse –> two mice
one goose –> two geese
one tooth –> two teeth
one wife –> two wives
one child –> two children
one knife –> two knives
one thief –> two thieves
one dwarf –> two dwarves (ou: dwarfs)
one potato –> two potatoes
one leaf –> two leaves
one life –> two lives
one loaf –> two loaves
one half –> two halves

En fait, les mots se terminant par ‘f’ ou ‘fe’ font généralement leur pluriel en ‘-ves’.

Certains mots rarissimes ne changent pas du tout au pluriel :
one moose –> two moose
one sheep –> two sheep
one aircraft –> two aircraft

Les mots d’origine latine ou grecque qui ont retenu une terminaison antique se conformeront généralement à la forme plurielle de leur langue d’emprunt :
one alumnus –> two alumni
one syllabus –> two syllabi
one alumna –> two alumnae
one alga –> many algae
one criterion –> many criteria
one forum –> many fora (ou : forums)
one thesis –> two theses
one hypothesis –> two hypotheses
one phenomenon –> two phenomena
one cactus –> two cacti (ou : cactuses)
one diagnosis –> two diagnoses
one oasis –> two oases
one analysis –> two analyses

Même les noms propres et les abréviations se mettent au pluriel:

the Simpsons, CD’s / CDs

Anglais Bac Maroc

Anglais Bac Maroc

anglais bac maroc

Overall Review of Grammar – Units  1 to 6

Anglais Bac Maroc

I-Give the correct form of the words (  ),

1-    (Exclude) women from the political scene is a hindrance to women’s empowerment.

2-    Thank you for (devote) some of your time to our association.

3-    On my way home, I always stop (pick up) some flowers to take them home.

4-    If you don’t take your job seriously, you risk (get) sacked.

Anglais Bac Maroc

 II- Give the correct form of the verbs (   )

1-    After I (see) the film brave heart which (award) several Oscars last year, I (be) a bit disappointed. The film (be) not as extraordinary as I (anticipate).by the end of next week, however, all my schoolmates (have) the opportunity (see) it and we can discuss the film with our teacher of Art.

2-    Come down now, Jane, will you? We (miss) our flight if we (not /hurry).by the time we (get) to the airport, the plane (take off).

Anglais Bac Maroc

III- Give the correct form of the words using prefixes or suffixes.

1-    Many Athletes were ….qualified after positive blood test.

2-    It is ….responsible of some people not to send their children to school.

3-    XYZ is a company where women are …….worked and ……paid. They do more work than men but get less pay.

4-    The legs of these trousers are too long. Could you short….them for me please..

5-    Don’t be (pessimist).Everything will be all right.

6-    We should not be too (permission) and we should not be too (authority).Moderation is the best thing.

Anglais Bac Maroc

IV- Rewrite the sentences beginning with the words given.

1-    The city council has not created any green space since it was created.

No green space ………………………………………………….

2-    The closure of the factory will make hundreds of workers redundant.

Hundreds of workers ………………………………………………

3-    People suppose that there will be no taxes on cars brought fromEuropeby 2010.

It is …………………………………………………………………..

Anglais Bac Maroc

V-fill in the blanks with the appropriate phrasal verbs.

1hurry up- stand for- hang up- check out- give up- come across- lay off- take off – make up- run out of.

1-    We ……..milk. Please will you buy 2litres from that grocer?

2-    You will have to ……chatting on the net all night. Otherwise you will have back pain.

3-    We will probably miss the opening ceremony if you don’t ……….

4-    I was rearranging my home library when I ………an old school report of mine.

5-    My brother hasn’t yet……………his mind what name to give his new baby.

6-    Look at these abbreviations. Do you know what they………….?

7-    The company ………the employees because it went bankrupt due to some financial difficulties.

 

American Customs

American Customs

American Customs

            Americais well-known for its equality, liberty, fraternity. Everyone is very friendly and informal. Children often call their parents by their first names and at work, subordinates do not normally use « Mister » when addressing their supervisors. Conversely, many worldly, sophisticated Americans appear mortified because they feelAmericais not « civilized, » with a capital « C. » However, we know of terribly embarrassing incidents from mistakes which only an innocent foreigner would have made. 
•         Public displays of affection between the sexes are very common, unlike perhaps where you have come from. In many cities, especiallySan Francisco, homosexuality is an accepted way of life. You may therefore see men being affectionate with men and women with women. If you disapprove of homosexuals because of your religious or cultural beliefs, please keep it to yourself. You might even find yourself a guest in a gay person’s home-and might become shocked to realize that your host is a normal human being like any other and that you are actually enjoying his hospitality. Many couples also live together without being married-and may never marry. But you must realize their bond is probably as strong as the bond of marriage. So don’t think one of them is available for a « date. »
          •Americais a notoriously « open » society, and to most foreigners Americans often appear exceptionally and « instantly » friendly. But sometimes such openness can lead to serious misunderstanding, especially between men and women. A casual invitation to have drinks and/or dinner does not mean that your American host also wants to become « intimate » with you afterwards. So be careful not to read too much into a friendly invitation.
  Answer the following questions from the text
1- What is positive aboutAmericafor the text ? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2- What should you do if you don’t accept Homosexuals for the text ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Expressions of advice – 2ème Bac

Expressions of advice – 2ème Bac

Expressions of adviceNote the use of the expressions of advice

[ part lesson]:

  • Should + simple form of a verb
  • Ought + to + simple form of a verb
  • Should + not / shouldn’t
  • Had better + simple form of a verb
  • Had better not + verb in the simple form

And note also that ought not to is usually not used in the negative form.

Respond to the following situations

[ part exercise]:

1-    I would like to improve my English. What should I do ?

2-    I have a problem with my mother-in law.She doesn’t like me.

3-    I find it difficult to give up chatting and surfing the net.

4-    I don’t understand some lessons of Physics.

5-    I worked all day long and now I am feeling exhausted.

6-    Jack is driving too fast !

7-    I always make a lot of spelling mistakes when I write.

8-    I have lost my credit card. May be I forgot the door of the car unlocked

9-    Today is the deadline for paying my heating bill.  

 

Verbes et contraires (Anglais – Français)

Verbes et contraires (Anglais – Français)

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verbes et contrairesverbe et contraireverbes et contraire